In an influential book of essays titled Art, the modernist critic Clive Bell declared that the most difficult sort of painting to appreciate is a realistic one. For Bell, writing in the post-impressionist heyday of 1958, art was a matter of emotion, not of accurate depiction: “I have no right to consider anything a work of art to which I cannot react emotionally.” The “emotional success” of art depended, in his view, upon Significant Formshorthand for an ineffable, subjective quality that contrasted with objective, superficial appearance.
Nowhere in Bell’s provocative yet precieux commentary on the postwar state of the arts is there even a glancing reference to automobiles or to the pastime of driving. Of course. Nevertheless, I couldn’t help thinking of his strenuous position regarding Significant Form when SAAB’s 9000 CSE sedan arrived recently for an evaluation. With apologies (and a certain deference) to Mr. Bell, I submit that no type of car is more difficult to appreciate fully than an extremely safe one.
For that is what all SAABs both purport and are widely judged to be: among the world’s safest cars. Since its founding in 1947, the Swedish manufacturer has championed safety engineering above all else, even though this focus has sometimes earned its cars an eccentric reputation. SAABs were among the first front-wheel-drive cars (because that layout is safer on icy Nordic roads), and the automaker has pioneered three-point seat belts, driver and passenger airbags, daytime running lights (DRLs), cute little washer-wipers for the headlights, and anti-lock brakes. Convenient as it is, SAAB’s use of automatic, thermostat-controlled heating and air conditioning is motivated by safety considerations: With set-and-forget temperature control, there’s one less thing to distract a driver’s eyes from the road. Ditto for the stealth-fighter-style “Black Panel” switch for the dash. At night, you can zap out every single readout, gauge, and indicator except a dim display of the speedometer; any warnings or alerts illuminate on a need-to-know basis only. The effect on a dark, lonely stretch of highway is at once eerie and alluring.
For a safety engineer, crumple zones provide the sizzle for the steak. Unsuspecting as they may be, the five passengers in a SAAB 9000 ride in an elaborate, extremely rigid cocoon surrounded by “deformable structures.” The idea, of course, is that fenders, hoods, and trunks will smush and decelerate even the nastiest blows, leaving the cockpit relatively unscathed. SAAB’s literature is nothing short of exuberant about the way its cars can endure 21 different crash tests11 more than the laws of most nations require. The torture testing is positively procrustean; and in the case of impact simulations using an 860-pound “artificial moose,” you’d think it was all a kind of big gamealbeit one with profound implications for the real world.
In spite ofand, for more than a few people, because ofSAAB’s overwhelming reputation for safety, its cars all too often elicit mere yawns of acclaim. “Yeah, yeah, yeah,” is a typical refrain; “I know they’re safe and all that, but...”and the ghost of Clive Bell whispers into the speaker’s ear“...I have no right to consider a car to which I cannot react emotionally.”
But, of course, emotion is where you find it, if you’ll only bother to look. As my week with the turbocharged 9000 CSE did attest, SAAB’s flagship “big car” sedan can be both spirited and exotic, although in distinctively nontraditional ways.
A particularly unexpected appeal is the car’s twin personality. By its exterior dimensions and appearance alone, the 9000 ranks among intermediate-size sedans. (Its 105.2-inch wheelbase, for example, is identical to Toyota’s Camry.) Open the door and slide behind the wheel, however, and you feel as if you’ve passed through Alice’s looking glass into a sort of, well, lounge on wheels. The cockpit is huge; you’re surrounded by airy sweeps of glass that only enhance the sense of space, and you’re ensconced in supple and supportive seating worthy of a blue-chip boardroom. For this reason, in fact, the 9000 is assigned to the “Large Car” category by EPA regulators, placing it amongst Lexus LS400s, Cadillac DeVilles, and S-Class Mercedes.
As one of just 300 “Anniversary Edition” CSEs imported to the U.S. for SAAB’s 50th birthday in 1997, the model I tested featured a few special cosmetics, such as a two-tone leather interior, a sporty wheel-and-tire package, and “Aero” body cladding, including spoiler, side skirts, and front air dam. A lustrous “Amethyst Violet” paint scheme is exclusive to the Anniversary Edition as well. But it’s the CSE’s “everyday” features that impress as much or more: standard power sunroof, 10-speaker Harmon/Kardon CD stereo, walnut trim, and, best of all, a powerful yet well-mannered engine making 200 horsepower.
Marvelous, really, is the ability of a mere four-cylinder to produce this kind of powerenough to muster 0-to-60 acceleration in seven seconds. Intercooled turbocharging is the keyanother SAAB specialitéand dreaded “boost delay” is minimal during acceleration. A non-turbo 3.0-liter V6 is an available option, but it’s unclear why. The smaller turbo makes 19 percent more torque at roughly half the RPMsand costs $2,500 less.
The car’s chief distinguishingand enticingfeature is certainly not its exterior styling. Handsome as it is in basic outline, the angular 9000 now seems arch-conservative after 11 unaltered years. (In mid-spring ’98, a more softly sculpted replacement, the SAAB 9-5, will update the company’s big-car lineup.) Instead, I was charmed by the 9000’s aviation-style driving positionappropriate enough, considering the aerospace consortium of which SAAB is a part. This, combined with what’s best described as a sport-touring feel for ride and handling, means you don’t so much drive as pilot the car. The landscape spreads out before and beside you, and the car traces its sweeping trajectory over hill and dale. You’re sitting relatively high to the windscreen and back from the wheel, and all vital instruments and controls are within fingertip reach. The experience is engaging in a way that no other car precisely duplicates. It’s safe to say, in fact, that flying along in SAAB’s 9000 CSE is its own Significant Form of entertainment.
Off the floor
Robo gas 'n' go
First comes word that Shell Oil is piloting a nearly totally robotic SmartPump in California that speeds refueling by 400 percent. Customers need only swipe a credit card, select a fuel grade, and open the filler flap; a telescoping swing-arm controlled by a sensor on your windshield does the rest. Swipe, glug, you’re outta there.
Next, there’s word that Mercedes is conducting tests in Californiawhere else?of a new “cyber-system” for accessing the Internet while you drive. A “smart card” in the armrest, infrared networking, and a wireless keyboard in the dash combine with monitor screens in the headrests and with voice-activation software to log on en route. A giant technical question remains: why?
Well, one reason might be to give you something to do when you leave the driving to the “smart highways” that were demonstrated inthere you go again!California last weekend. National Automated Highway Systems Consortium regaled San Diego motorists with experimental, magnetized highways and radar-controlled cars that give new meaning to the concept of “invisible hand of the marketplace.” Drivers need only sit back and relax. NAHSC cars accelerate, brake, and dodge all on their own. In a year when we’re anticipating the return of Volkswagen’s Beetle bug after a decade’s absence, isn’t all this robo-stuff just way too much to absorb in one fell swoop?
Did so...did not
Unsubstantiated Rumor Dept.: Car magazine, one of the UK’s leading enthusiast publications, has suggested in its September issue that Chrysler and Toyota are both sniffing around for a chance to acquire up to 50 percent of BMW. “We deny this report,” says a BMW spokesman in a terse wire-service statement. Presumed to be at issue are the holdings of Germany’s Quandt family, which constitutes the automaker’s major shareholding interest. Although Car has rumored that negotiations are highly secret, it’s no secret at all that both Toyota and Chrysler are especially cash-heavy corporations and might be eager to pour a bit of their liquidity into something, shall we say, ver-r-ry e-e-enteresting, jawohl.
Just in time for back-to-school
Classic Motorbooks is renowned among auto and motorcycle enthusiasts as the mail-order mecca for motorsports-related books. So when they report that their current top-selling title is How to Draw Cars Like a Pro, by Thom Taylor, it’s tempting to predict a general increase in the sophistication of daydream doodles when homerooms fill up again later this month. Taylor promises step-by-step sketching instruction, whether the medium is a No. 2 pencil on paper or Adobe Illustrator on a 200 MHz laptop; but the question remains: How do you get the flames to strafe just right down the fenders of a Chevy Lumina? Classic Motorbooks can be reached, toll-free, at 1-800-826-6600.
Dealer news and other views are invited by fax at 615-385-2930 or via e-mail to Autosuggestive@compuserve.com.
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